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Naked Put Write - Introduction
Naked Put Write is sometimes known as a Put Write, Naked Put, Write Put Options, Short Put,
Uncovered Put Write, Selling Naked Puts or Short Put Options.
A Naked Put Write is when you Sell To Open Put options without first being short in the underlying stock.
Which also means that you are selling a put option when you do not own that put option in the first place. When the stock rises, the put options that
you sold expire out of the money, giving the whole price of the put options as profit.
One would use a Naked Put Write to speculate a quick rise in the price of the underlying stock and still to make a profit even
if the underlying stock stays stagnant.
One should be familar with
put options and
options trading before executing the Naked Put Write strategy.
When you Sell To Open a put option in this Naked Put Write options strategy,
you are essentially playing the role of a banker where you sell the put options
you are selling put options to people who are betting on the price of the underlying stock going down. If they are wrong and the stock rises, you keep the money they paid you for the
put options if the put options expires Out Of The Money ( OTM ). If this person is correct and the stock falls, you, as the banker, suffers a loss. That
is how a Naked Put Write works in a nutshell.
Complex bullish option strategies, such as the Naked Put Write, usually have added benefits such as profiting even if the underlying stock stays stagnant or profiting even if the underlying
stock should fall slightly instead of rise. This is because short options positions puts
time decay in your favor, the more the value of the
options you sold decay, the more you profit from the sale. The Naked Put Write, as the simplest of the complex bullish option strategies, is no exception. By writing
a put option, you are not only making money if the underlying stock rises due to delta effect,
you are also putting Time Decay, which is the biggest evil of buying
stock options, in your favor as
Time Decay works against the favor of the buyer of the put options that you sold. Yes, this means that if the options you sold failed to rise in
price, you also profit from its premium value!
Writing a put option is never really "Naked" or "Uncovered" because you need to put forward an amount of cash known as a Margin in order to cover potential losses. In fact, because you are obligated to buy the underlying stock at the strike price of the put options
sold, some option trading brokers require
option traders to have that corresponding amount of money before they are allowed to sell a put option. This is known as Cash Secured Put.
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When To Use Naked Put Write?
One would use a Naked Put Write when speculating a small or moderate rise in the underlying stock. This rise need not be a dramatic one like
in the Long Call Options strategy as it only need to
rise enough to allow the put options to expire
out of the money (OTM).
Example : Assuming QQQQ at $44. Sell To Open 10 QQQQ Jan44Put for $0.80.
You will make the entire $0.80 in profit even if the
QQQQ expires at $44.05.
If you are expecting a huge, dramatic rise in the underlying stock, you would use a Long Call Options
strategy instead because, using the Naked Put Write as in the example above, you would make only $0.80 no matter how high the underlying stock goes up to.
How To Use Naked Put Write?
A Naked Put Write is a simple option strategy where you simply sell to open put options at a strike price which you are confident that the
underlying stock would rise beyond by option expiration. One would usually sell put options of the nearest expiration month so that
the underlying stock would not have time to go back
in the money (ITM).
Example : Assuming QQQQ at $44.
If you expect QQQQ to rise to $46, you could Sell To Open QQQQ Jan45Put.
If you expect QQQQ to rise very slightly,
you could Sell To Open QQQQ Jan44Put.
The more In The Money (ITM) Put Options that you sold, the higher your maximum profit potential but the more
QQQQ needs to move in order to expire that option out of the money (OTM).
Here is a table showcasing the differences:
Assume QQQQ Trading At $44 Now.
Amount QQQQ Needs
To Move For Max Profit
Profit If QQQQ
Expires @ $44.01
Naked Put Write on out of the money put options is a very interesting option strategy that it warrants a page on its own. Please
read about Writing Out Of The Money Put Options.
Trading Level Required For Naked Put Write
A Level 5 options trading account that allows the execution of naked writes is needed for the naked put write. Read more about Options Account Trading Levels.
Profit Potential of Naked Put Write :
The Naked Put Write has a limited profit as its maximum profit is the price at which the put option is sold no matter how high the
underlying stock goes up. The Naked Put Write also profits from the premium value decay even if the underlying stock stays stagnant. This
enables the Naked Put write to have a much higher chance of turning a profit than a simple Long Call Option strategy.
Profit Calculation of Naked Put Write :
There are 2 ways to calculate profit for Naked Put Write : Before Expiration and After Expiration.
Before expiration, the Naked Put Write profits from a fraction of the move in the underlying stock based on its delta
value and a fraction of the put option's premium value due to time decay based on it's theta value.
Following up from the above example:
Sell to open 1 lot of QQQQ Jan44Put for $0.80 per contract with a delta value of 0.5 and theta value of -0.018.
QQQQ rises to $44.80, 5 days later.
Profit = [(Rise in underlying stock) x delta value] + [(theta x number of lots) x number of days] / price of put options
Profit = [($44.80 - $44) x 0.5] + [(0.018 x 1) x 5] / 0.8 = 61.25% profit.
Please note that the above figures are only arbituary and that precise calculation of expected profit before expiration can only be arrived at
using a stock option pricing model such as the Black Scholes Model.
Upon expiration, there can be 2 possible scenarios for the Naked Put Write :
1. The underlying stock rises higher than the strike price
When the underlying stock is trading higher than the strike price of the put options that you sold upon expiration, those put options
expires out of the money (OTM) and the entire price of the put options that you sold becomes your profit.
2. The underlying stock is trading lower than the strike price
Profit / Loss = Net Credit - (Strike Price - Stock Price)
Following up from the above example:
Sell to open 1 QQQQ Jan44call for $0.80 per contract.
If QQQQ falls to $43.5 at expiration.
Profit = $0.80 - ($44 - $43.5) = $0.30 or 37.5%
If QQQQ falls to $42 at expiration.
Loss = $0.80 - ($44 - $42) = $1.20
Maximum Loss Of Naked Put Write
Contrary to common believe about naked positions and what other option trading sites have wrongly assumed, Naked Put Write is
unlike a Naked Call Write
where maximum loss is unlimited. Maximum loss of a naked call write is unlimited because the underlying stock can,
theoretically, move higher infinitely. However, in a Naked Put Write, where the position loses money when the underlying stock
goes down, the stock can only go down all the way to zero, not infinity! Which means that there IS a limit to the maximum possible loss of a
Naked Put Write!
Maximum loss = (Strike Price - Premium Value) x Number of Contracts.
Following up from the above example:
Sell to open 1 lot of QQQQ Jan44Put for $0.80 per contract.
QQQQ falls to $0,
Maximum Loss = ($44 - $0.80) x 100 = $4320
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Risk / Reward of Naked Put Write:
Upside Maximum Profit: Limited
Limited to net credit recieved.
Maximum Loss: Limited
Limited to 100% of the strike price when stock falls to zero
Because you can lose an increasing amount of money as long as the underlying stock continues to fall, you should always place a reasonable
stop loss when executing a Naked Put Write.
Break Even Point of Naked Put Write:
The breakeven point for a Naked Put Write is the point beyond which the underlying stock can drop before the position starts to go into a loss.
This is calculated as:
Breakeven = Strike Price - premium value of put options sold.
Following up from the above example:
QQQQ is trading at $44 and QQQQ's Jan44Put is At The Money and has no intrinsic value. The whole price of $0.80 is
Thus the breakeven point would be $44 - $0.80 = $43.20. QQQQ needs to fall below $43.20 before the position starts making a loss.
One would notice by now that a Naked Put Write has a much higher chance of a profit than simply long Call Options as you will
make money even if the stock does not move and lose money only when the stock drops below the breakeven point.
Advantages Of Naked Put Write:
:: As the strategy results in a net credit, risk is reduced.
:: It is a simple option strategy which requires no precise calculation to execute, unlike other more complex option strategies.
:: As it involves trading only one kind of option, the commissions involved would be much lower than the rest of the other
more complex option strategies
:: It allows you to profit even if the underlying stock stays completely stagnant.
:: It is a versatile option strategy which can be transformed into other option strategies in order to accomodate changing market outlooks prior to expiration.
:: Unlike in a Long Call Option, a Naked Put Write offers you a degree of protection from loss if the underlying stock falls slightly instead of rises.
Disadvantages Of Naked Put Write:
:: Potential profit is limited, so if the stock goes into a huge rally, one could miss out on the profit opportunity.
:: One could lose a lot of money if the underlying stock falls drastically.
:: As Naked Put Write is a credit strategy that involves
margin, beginners are rarely allowed to execute it with most online brokers.
:: As margin requirements can be quite large, one may not be able to put on as many positions as one may simply by buying call options.
Alternate Actions for Naked Put Write Before Expiration :
1. If the underlying stock has moved so much as to leave the put options with very little value left before expiration, one may
wish to buy to close the put options in order to profit these profits instead of risking it all by holding till expiration.
2. If the underlying stock is about to pull back from it's quick rally, you could transform the Naked Put Write into a
Bear Put Spread in order to profit from the downturn
by buying an equivalent number of At The Money (ATM) put options.
3. If the underlying stock proves to be trading within a narrow trading range, one could transform Naked Put Write into a
Short Strangle by further Selling To Open a corresponding number of Out Of The Money (OTM) Call Options.
Adjustments for Naked Put Write During Expiration :
1. One should always allow Out Of The Money (OTM) put options to expire and always Buy To Close these put options if they are
In The Money (ITM).
Questions on Naked Put Write
:: "Can I Close Naked Put Before Expiration?"
:: "Placing Limit Order for Naked Put Write?"
:: "Difference Between Selling Put and Covered Put?"
:: "How Can I Repair A Losing Short Put?"
Videos On Naked Put Write